Most sore throats can be treated with over-the-counter medicine and items found in the kitchen. Try these simple but effective natural home remedies to battle a sore throat.
Causes of Soar Throat;
A sore throat caused by bacteria known as Streptococcus pyogenes. Most sore throats are caused by viruses that cause the common cold and flu (influenza). Less often, sore throats are due to bacterial infections. It is also said that sore throat is usually caused by inflammation (swelling) in the back of the throat (oropharynx) and tonsils (laryngeal lymphoid nodules).
1) Viral infections ;
- Common cold, Flu (influenza), Mononucleosis (mono), Measles, Chickenpox, Croup — a common childhood illness characterized by a harsh, barking cough, Glandular fever
2) Bacterial infections
Bacterial infections that can cause a sore throat include:
- Whooping cough, a highly contagious respiratory tract infection
- Strep throat, which is caused by a bacterium known as Streptococcus pyogenes, or group A streptococcus
- Diphtheria, a serious respiratory illness that's rare in industrialized nations, but is more common in developing countries
3) Other Causes of Soar Throat
Other causes of sore throat include:
- Allergies, Dryness, Irritants, Muscle strain, Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), HIV infection, Tumors.
Sore throats can also be caused by the following non-infectious factors (less common):
- Cancer (extremely rare)
- Throat surgery (Licorice gargle helps sore throat symptoms after surgery)
- Alcohol consumption (rare)
- Hay fever
- Acid reflux (gastro-esophageal reflux)
- Screaming for a long time (e.g. fans during a sporting event)
Get immediate care if your child has severe signs such as: a) Difficulty breathing, b) Difficulty swallowing, c) Unusual drooling, which may indicate an inability to swallow.
Sore Throat Symptoms;
Sore throat symptoms include pain, burning or scratching sensations at the back of the throat, pain when swallowing, and tenderness in the neck. Sore throat symptoms may be accompanied by coughing, sneezing, fever, and swollen lymph nodes.
Remedies for Sore Throat;
Home remedies for sore throat include;
- Saltwater gargles,
- Herbal Teas
- Slippery elm
- Licorice root
- Marshmallow root
- Honeysuckle flower and other Chinese medicine herbs
1) Saltwater Gargle, for fast and effective sore-throat relief, nothing beats an old-fashioned saltwater gargle. Salt acts as a mild antiseptic, and also draws water out of mucous membranes in the throat, which helps to clear phlegm. Dissolve a half-teaspoon salt in a glass of warm water, gargle and spit out. Repeat up to four times a day.
2) Nasal sprays, for adults, if the nose is plugged, nasal sprays such as Afrin may be used for two to three days to prevent mouth breathing. It is not recommended to use these products for more than a couple of days; the nasal passages may become dependent on them and worsen the problem.
3) Gargle with a baking-soda solution. Dissolve one-half teaspoon of baking soda in a glass of warm water.
4) Humidifier, Run a cool-mist vaporizer or humidifier in your bedroom. Adding moisture to the air will help keep the air from drying out and prevent the lining of your throat from becoming too dry.
5) Bolster your immune system during cold and flu season with vitamins, herbs and good nutrition. Also cook or supplement with garlic, ginger, shiitake mushrooms and reishi mushrooms, all of which have immune-boosting properties.
6) Honey has long been used as a sore-throat remedy. It has antibacterial properties, which can help speed healing. It also acts as a hypertonic osmotic, which means that it draws water out of inflamed tissue.
7) Hot lemonade with honey can also relieve pain. Combine the juice of half a lemon with hot water.
8) Vitamin C, take three times a day. Whether your sore throat is caused by a cold, the flu or strep, this vitamin will help boost your immune system and fight off infection.
9) Garlic, as another aid to fight off infection. Dried garlic has potent antibacterial and antiseptic properties.
Caution: Do not give Lozenges to young children as they are a choking hazard. Avoid use in young children.
Note: Any sore throat that lasts for more than a week should be evaluated by a health care professional.
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